Pengertian dan Contoh Phrasal Verb

contoh phrasal verbs

Phrasal Verbs adalah penggabungan kata kerja yang terdiri dari Main Verb bersama dengan Adverb or a Preposition atau keduannya yang menyebabkan arti baru .

Phrasal Verbs sangat penting untuk dipelajari karena sering digunakan dalam percakapan setiap hari native speaker dan informal written language.
Dan yang terpenting dalam mempelajari Phrasal Verbs ini adalah memahami arti dan cara penggunaannya.

Berikut Contoh Phrasal Verbs sebagai panduan :

phrasal verb meaning example
ask (somebody)
mengundang kencan Tutus asked Cindi out to dinner and a movie.
ask around bertanya pada banyak orang pertanyaan yang sama I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up (tosomething) sama Your purchases add up to$500.32.
(something) up
membalikkan You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back (somebody) up mendukung My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up meledak The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow (something) up meniup We have to blow 50 balloons upfor the party.
break down berhenti berfungsi Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down menjadi kesal The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break (something) down membaginya menjadi bagian bagian yang lebih kecil Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in memaksa masuk ke gedung Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into (something) memasukan secara paksa The firemen had to break intothe room to rescue the children.
break (something) in kenakan sesuatu beberapa kali sehingga tidak terlihat terasa baru I need to break these shoes inbefore we run next week.
break in mengganggu The TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break up mengakhiri hubungan My boyfriend and I broke upbefore I moved to America.
break up mulai tertawa (informal) The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out melarikan diri The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out in (something) mengembangkan kulit I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring (somebody) down membuat tidak bahagia This sad music is bringing me down.
bring (somebody) up membesarkan seorang anak My grandparents brought me upafter my parents died.
bring (something) up mulai berbicara tentang suatu subjek My mother walks out of the room when my father brings upsports.
bringsomething) up muntahan He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around telepon banyak tempat / orang yang berbeda We called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call (somebody) back kembalikan panggilan telepon I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call (something) off membatalkan Jason called the wedding offbecause he wasn't in love with his fiancĂ©.
call on (somebody) mintalah jawaban atau pendapat The professor called on me for question 1.
call on (somebody) kunjungi seseorang We called on you last night but you weren't home.
call (somebody) up telepon Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm down santai setelah marah You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for (somebody/ something) tidak suka (formal) I don't care for his behaviour.
catch up sampai ke titik yang sama dengan orang lain You'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in tiba dan daftar di hotel atau bandara  We will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check out tinggalkan hotel You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check (somebody/ something)out perhatikan dengan seksama . selidiki The company checks out all new employees.
check out (somebody/ something) melihat (informal) Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up menjadi lebih bahagia She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer (somebody) up buat lebih bahagia I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip in membantu If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean (something) up rapi . bersih Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across (something) temukan secara tak terduga I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart terpisah The top and bottom come apartif you pull hard enough.
come down with (something) menjadi sakit My nephew came down withchicken pox this weekend.
come forward sukarela untuk suatu tugas atau untuk memberikan bukti The woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come from some place berasal dari The art of origami comes fromAsia.
count on (somebody/ something) mengandalkan I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross (something) out gambar sebuah garis melalui Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on (something) kurang konsumsi My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut (something) down membuat sesuatu jatuh ketanah We had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut in mengganggu Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in tarik terlalu dekat di depan kendaraan lain The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut in mulai beroperasi ( dari mesin atau perangkat listrik ) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut (something) off hapus dengan sesuatu yang tajam The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut (something) off berhenti menyediakan The phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut (somebody) off mengambil dari wasiat My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut (something) out menghapus bagian dari sesuatu ( biasanya dengan gunting dan kertas ) I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do (somebody/ something) over memukuli , mengobrak abrik (BrE, informal) He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do (something) over lakukan lagi (AmE) My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with (something) membuang It's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do (something) up kencangkan , tutup Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress up pakai pakaian bagus It's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop back mundur alam posisi / grup Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ over datang tanpa janji I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop (somebody/ something) off bawa seseorang / sesuatu ke suatu tempat dan tinggalkan mereka / itu di sana I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out keluar dari kelas , sekolah dll I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out makan disebuah restoran I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end up akhirnya mencapai / lakukan / putuskan We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart pecah berkeping keping My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down jatuh ke tanah The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall out terpisah dari interios The money must have fallen outof my pocket.
fall out (rambut gigi ) menjadi longgar dan tidak terikat His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure (something) out mengerti temukan jawabannya I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill (something) in untuk menulis informasi dalam bentuk kosong, seperti pada formulir (BrE) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill (something) out untuk menulis informasi dalam bentuk kosong , seperti pada formulir (AmE) The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill (something) up isi ke atas I always fill the water jug upwhen it is empty.
find out menemukan We don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find (something) out menemukan We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get (something) across/ over berkomunikasi , buat dimengerti I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/on saling menyukai I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around memiliki mobilitas My grandfather can get aroundfine in his new wheelchair.
get away pergi berlibur We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with (something) lakukan tanpa diketahui atau dihukum Jason always gets away withcheating in his maths tests.
get back kembali We got back from our vacation last week.
get (something) back menerima sesuatu yang anda miliki sebelumnya Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back at (somebody) balas dendam  My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into (something) menjadi tertarik pada sesuatu lagi I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on (something) melangkah ke kendaraan We're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over (something) pulih dari penyakit , kehilangan , kesulitan I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over (something) mengatasi masalah The company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round to (something) akhirnya menemukan waktu untuk melakukannya (AmE: berkeliling untuk melakukan sesuatu) I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together bertemeu (biasanya karena alasan sosial) Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up bangun dari tempat tidur I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up berdiri You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give (somebody) away mengungkapkan informasi tersembunyi tentang seseorang His wife gave him away to the police.
give (somebody) away bawa pengantin ke altar My father gave me away at my wedding.
give (something) away merusak rahasia My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give (something) away berikan sesuatu kepada seseorang secara gratis The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give (something) back mengembalikan barang yang dipinjam I have to give these skates backto Franz before his hockey game.
give in dengan enggan berhenti berkelahi atau berdebat My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give (something) out berikan kepada banyak orang (biasanya tanpa biaya) They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give (something) up berhenti dari kendaraan I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up berhenti mencoba My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after (somebody) ikuti seseorang My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after (something) cobalah untuk mencapai sesuatu I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against (somebody) bersaing , lawan We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead mulai , lanjutkan Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back kembali ke suatu tempat I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out meninggalkan rumah untuk menghadiri acara sosial We're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with (somebody) tanggal Jesse has been going out withLuke since they met last winter.
go over (something) ulasan Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over kunjungi seseorang di dekatnya I haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go without (something) menderita kekurangan atau kekurangan When I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apart berhenti berteman dari waktu ke waktu My best friend and I grew apartafter she changed schools.
grow back tumbuh kembali My roses grew back this summer.
grow into (something) tumbuh cukup besar agar pas This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
grow out of (something) terlalu besar untuk Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow up menjadi dewasa When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
hand (something) down berikan sesuatu yang digunakan pada orang lain I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand (something) in menyerahkan I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand (somethingout untuk dibagikan kepada sekelompok orang We will hand out the invitations at the door.
handsomething) over memberi (biasanya dengan enggan) The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang in tetap positif (informal ) Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang on tunggu sebentar (informal) Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out habiskan waktu bersantai (informal) Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up akhiri panggilan telepon He didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold (somebody/ something) back mencegah melakukan / pergi I had to hold my dog backbecause there was a cat in the park.
hold (something) back sembunyikan emosi Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold on tunggu sebentar Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto (somebody/ something) pegang dengan kuat menggunakan tangan atau lengan anda Hold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold (somebody/ something) up rampok A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing (something) terus lakukan Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep (something) from (somebody) tidak tahu We kept our relationship fromour parents for two years.
keep (somebody / something) out berhenti masuk Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep (something) up lanjutkan dengan kecepatan yang sama If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let somebody) down gagal mendukung atau membantu , mengecewakan I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let somebody) in izikan masuk Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on) masuk (ke situs web, basis data dll.) I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off) keluar ((ke situs web, basis data dll.) If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look after (somebody/ something) mengurus I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on (somebody) kurang berpikir , mempertingbangkan inferior Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for (somebody/ something) mencoba untuk mencari I'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to (something) bersemangat tentang masadepan I'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into (something) menyelidiki We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out hati-hati, waspada dan perhatikan Look out! That car's going to hit you!
look out for (somebody/ something) menjadi sangat waspada untuk Don't forget to look out forsnakes on the hiking trail.
look (something) over periksa Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look (something) up mencari dan menemukan informasi dalam buku referensi atau basis data We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to (somebody) memiliki banyak rasa hormat My little sister has always looked up to me.
make (something) up mencpitakan, berbohong tentang sesuatu Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up saling memaafkan We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make (somebody)up terapkan kosmetik ke My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix (something) up membingungkan dua hal atau lebih I mixed up the twins' names again!
pass away mati His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outlemah It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass (something) out berikan hal yang sama kepada banyak orang The professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass (something) up tolak (biasanya sesuatu yang baik I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay (somebody) back pengembalian uang terutang Thanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
pay for (something dihukum karena melakukan sesuatu yang buruk That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick (something) out memilih I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point (somebody/ somethingout) mengindikasikan dengan jari anda I'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put (something) down letakan apa yang anda pegang di permukaan atau lantai You can put the groceries downon the kitchen counter.
put (somebody) down menghina membuat seseorang merasa bodoh The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put (something) off menunda We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put (something) out memadamkan The neighbours put the fire outbefore the firemen arrived.
put (something) together berkumpul I have to put the crib togetherbefore the baby arrives.
put up with (somebody/ something) mentolerir I don't think I can put up withthree small children in the car.
put (something)on letakkan pakaian / aksesoris di tubuh anda Don't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into (somebody/ something) bertemu secara tiba tiba I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over (somebody/ something) mengendarai kendaraan di atas seseorang atau sesuatu I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/ through (something) berlatih , tinjau Let's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away pergi tanpa terduga , melarikan diri The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out tidak ada yang tersisa We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send (something) back kembali (biasanya melalui surat) My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set (something) up mengatur Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set (somebody) up trik, jebakan The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around perbandingan harga I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off bertindak ekstra istimewa untuk orang yang menonton (biasanya dengan sombong) He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over tinggal di suatu tempat untuk malam ini (informal) You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort (something) out mengatur, menyelesaikan masalah We need to sort the bills outbefore the first of the month.
stick to (something) terus melakukan sesuatu, batasi diri anda untuk satu hal tertentu You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch (something) off hentikan aliran energi, matikan The light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch (something) on mulai aliran energi, nyalakan We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after (somebody) menyerupai anggota keluarga I take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take (something) apart sengaja dipecah pecah He took the car brakes apartand found the problem.
take (something) back kembalikan barang I have to take our new TV backbecause it doesn't work.
take off mulai terbang My plane takes off in five minutes.
take (something) off menghapus sesuatu (biasanya pakaian) Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take (something) out hapus dari suatu tempat atau benda Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take (somebody) out membayar seseorang untuk pergi ke suatu tempat bersamamu My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear (something) up robek menjadi beberapa bagian I tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think back ingat (ering + ke, terkadang + aktif) When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think (something) over mempertimbangkan I'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw (something) away buang We threw our old furniture awaywhen we won the lottery.
turn (something) down mengurangi volume atau kekuatan (panas, cahaya dll) Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn (something)down menolak I turned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn (something) off hentikan aliran energi, matikan Your mother wants you to turnthe TV off and come for dinner.
turn (something) on mulai energi, nyalakan It's too dark in here. Let's turnsome lights on.
turn (something) up menambah volume atau kekuatan (panas, cahaya dll) Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up muncul tiba tiba Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try (something) on sampel pakaian I'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try (something) out uji I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use (something) up selesaikan persediaan The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up berhenti tidur We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm (somebody/ something) up meningkatkan suhu You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up persiapkan tubuh untuk berolahraga I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off menghilang Most of my make-up wore offbefore I got to the party.
work out olahraga I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out menjadi orang yang sukses Our plan worked out fine.
work (something) out membuat perhitungan We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

Refrensi Phrasal Verbs List :

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